How to produce a range with step n in bash? (generate a sequence of numbers with increments)


Question

The way to iterate over a range in bash is

for i in {0..10}; do echo $i; done

What would be the syntax for iterating over the sequence with a step? Say, I would like to get only even number in the above example.

1
131
10/25/2018 5:32:57 PM

Accepted Answer

I'd do

for i in `seq 0 2 10`; do echo $i; done

(though of course seq 0 2 10 will produce the same output on its own).

Note that seq allows floating-point numbers (e.g., seq .5 .25 3.5) but bash's brace expansion only allows integers.

183
2/18/2015 6:36:10 PM

Bash 4's brace expansion has a step feature:

for {0..10..2}; do
  ..
done

No matter if Bash 2/3 (C-style for loop, see answers above) or Bash 4, I would prefer anything over the 'seq' command.


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