Associative arrays in Shell scripts


Question

We required a script that simulates Associative arrays or Map like data structure for Shell Scripting, any body?

1
110
9/29/2009 7:19:31 PM

Accepted Answer

To add to Irfan's answer, here is a shorter and faster version of get() since it requires no iteration over the map contents:

get() {
    mapName=$1; key=$2

    map=${!mapName}
    value="$(echo $map |sed -e "s/.*--${key}=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/" -e 's/:SP:/ /g' )"
}
20
5/23/2017 10:31:12 AM

Another option, if portability is not your main concern, is to use associative arrays that are built in to the shell. This should work in bash 4.0 (available now on most major distros, though not on OS X unless you install it yourself), ksh, and zsh:

declare -A newmap
newmap[name]="Irfan Zulfiqar"
newmap[designation]=SSE
newmap[company]="My Own Company"

echo ${newmap[company]}
echo ${newmap[name]}

Depending on the shell, you may need to do a typeset -A newmap instead of declare -A newmap, or in some it may not be necessary at all.


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