What is the most elegant way to remove a path from the $PATH variable in Bash?


Question

Or more generally, how do I remove an item from a colon-separated list in a Bash environment variable?

I thought I had seen a simple way to do this years ago, using the more advanced forms of Bash variable expansion, but if so I've lost track of it. A quick search of Google turned up surprisingly few relevant results and none that I would call "simple" or "elegant". For example, two methods using sed and awk, respectively:

PATH=$(echo $PATH | sed -e 's;:\?/home/user/bin;;' -e 's;/home/user/bin:\?;;')
PATH=!(awk -F: '{for(i=1;i<=NF;i++){if(!($i in a)){a[$i];printf s$i;s=":"}}}'<<<$PATH)

Does nothing straightforward exist? Is there anything analogous to a split() function in Bash?

Update:
It looks like I need to apologize for my intentionally-vague question; I was less interested in solving a specific use-case than in provoking good discussion. Fortunately, I got it!

There are some very clever techniques here. In the end, I've added the following three functions to my toolbox. The magic happens in path_remove, which is based largely on Martin York's clever use of awk's RS variable.

path_append ()  { path_remove $1; export PATH="$PATH:$1"; }
path_prepend () { path_remove $1; export PATH="$1:$PATH"; }
path_remove ()  { export PATH=`echo -n $PATH | awk -v RS=: -v ORS=: '$0 != "'$1'"' | sed 's/:$//'`; }

The only real cruft in there is the use of sed to remove the trailing colon. Considering how straightforward the rest of Martin's solution is, though, I'm quite willing to live with it!


Related question: How do I manipulate $PATH elements in shell scripts?

1
104
4/24/2019 4:16:11 PM

Accepted Answer

A minute with awk:

# Strip all paths with SDE in them.
#
export PATH=`echo ${PATH} | awk -v RS=: -v ORS=: '/SDE/ {next} {print}'`

Edit: It response to comments below:

$ export a="/a/b/c/d/e:/a/b/c/d/g/k/i:/a/b/c/d/f:/a/b/c/g:/a/b/c/d/g/i"
$ echo ${a}
/a/b/c/d/e:/a/b/c/d/f:/a/b/c/g:/a/b/c/d/g/i

## Remove multiple (any directory with a: all of them)
$ echo ${a} | awk -v RS=: -v ORS=: '/a/ {next} {print}'
## Works fine all removed

## Remove multiple including last two: (any directory with g)
$ echo ${a} | awk -v RS=: -v ORS=: '/g/ {next} {print}'
/a/b/c/d/e:/a/b/c/d/f:
## Works fine: Again!

Edit in response to security problem: (that is not relevant to the question)

export PATH=$(echo ${PATH} | awk -v RS=: -v ORS=: '/SDE/ {next} {print}' | sed 's/:*$//')

This removes any trailing colons left by deleting the last entries, which would effectively add . to your path.

44
2/24/2016 6:41:27 AM

My dirty hack:

echo ${PATH} > t1
vi t1
export PATH=$(cat t1)

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