What is the proper way to modify environment variables like PATH in OS X?
I've looked on Google a little bit and found three different files to edit:
I don't even have some of these files, and I'm pretty sure that .tcshrc is wrong, since OS X uses bash now. Where are these variables, especially PATH, defined?
I'm running OS X v10.5 (Leopard).
Bruno is right on track. I've done extensive research and if you want to set variables that are available in all GUI applications, your only option is
Open a terminal prompt
sudo vi /etc/launchd.conf (note: this file might not yet exist)
Put contents like the following into the file
# Set environment variables here so they are available globally to all apps # (and Terminal), including those launched via Spotlight. # # After editing this file run the following command from the terminal to update # environment variables globally without needing to reboot. # NOTE: You will still need to restart the relevant application (including # Terminal) to pick up the changes! # grep -E "^setenv" /etc/launchd.conf | xargs -t -L 1 launchctl # # See http://www.digitaledgesw.com/node/31 # and http://stackoverflow.com/questions/135688/setting-environment-variables-in-os-x/ # # Note that you must hardcode the paths below, don't use environment variables. # You also need to surround multiple values in quotes, see MAVEN_OPTS example below. # setenv JAVA_VERSION 1.6 setenv JAVA_HOME /System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Versions/1.6/Home setenv GROOVY_HOME /Applications/Dev/groovy setenv GRAILS_HOME /Applications/Dev/grails setenv NEXUS_HOME /Applications/Dev/nexus/nexus-webapp setenv JRUBY_HOME /Applications/Dev/jruby setenv ANT_HOME /Applications/Dev/apache-ant setenv ANT_OPTS -Xmx512M setenv MAVEN_OPTS "-Xmx1024M -XX:MaxPermSize=512m" setenv M2_HOME /Applications/Dev/apache-maven setenv JMETER_HOME /Applications/Dev/jakarta-jmeter
Prove that your variables are working by opening a Terminal window and typing
export and you should see your new variables. These will also be available in IntelliJ IDEA and other GUI applications you launch via Spotlight.