Pipe output and capture exit status in Bash


Question

I want to execute a long running command in Bash, and both capture its exit status, and tee its output.

So I do this:

command | tee out.txt
ST=$?

The problem is that the variable ST captures the exit status of tee and not of command. How can I solve this?

Note that command is long running and redirecting the output to a file to view it later is not a good solution for me.

1
384
8/27/2018 4:09:51 AM

Accepted Answer

There is an internal Bash variable called $PIPESTATUS; it’s an array that holds the exit status of each command in your last foreground pipeline of commands.

<command> | tee out.txt ; test ${PIPESTATUS[0]} -eq 0

Or another alternative which also works with other shells (like zsh) would be to enable pipefail:

set -o pipefail
...

The first option does not work with zsh due to a little bit different syntax.

480
12/21/2016 5:17:14 PM

using bash's set -o pipefail is helpful

pipefail: the return value of a pipeline is the status of the last command to exit with a non-zero status, or zero if no command exited with a non-zero status


Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon